ABC Australia - Indonesian police said Dita Oepriarto (L), Puji Kuswati (R) and their four children were behind the attacks.

In the wake of the family suicide bombings in Surabaya, a leading analyst warns that Indonesia urgently needs to track and understand dozens of women who were deported back to Indonesia after failed attempts to reach Syria.

A 2017 report by NYSEAN partner, the Institute for Policy Analysis and Conflict in Jakarta, warned, “The need to know more about Indonesian extremist women suddenly has become urgent.”

The rise of the female suicide bomber is a growing and underrated threat in Indonesia, with the report warning of a new and “more active role" in violent extremism.

Report author Nava Nuraniyah, says the motivations of Indonesian women who hear the message of ISIS, may provide some insight into the unprecedented family suicide attacks in Surabaya.

Nava Nuraniyah, analyst at the Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict, and Margaret Scott, associate professor at New York University’s Wagner School of Public Service, discuss the recent bombings in Indonesia and the issues and strategies surrounding tolerance and deradicalization in the country. 

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